Tai'an is a prefecture-level city in Western Shandong
Province of the People's Republic of China. Centered on Mount Tai, the
city borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Zibo to the
east, Linyi to the southeast, Liaocheng to the extreme west and Jining
to the south. To the west, Tai'an is separated from the province of
Henan by the Yellow River.
is named after Mount Tai. In Chinese, Tai means "significant". Thus, the
name Tai'an is derived from the ancient saying: "If Mount Tai is safe,
then the four seas (the world) are safe. "
Tai'an was home to the Dawenkou culture during the neolithic era. During
the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the region
belonged to the states of Qi and Lu. The site of major historical and
cultural significance in the area is Mount Tai. It attracted multiple
emperors throughout the dynasties to visit, offer sacrifice to the
heaven gods and pray for harvest. Confucius, Sima Qian, Cao Zhi, Li Bai,
Du Fu and other litterateurs visited here and many great works were
In 1909, German
colonials built Tai'an-Fu Railway Station along with the construction of
Tianjin–Pukou railway (Tientsin–Pukow railway). On 10 November of the
following year, the first train service passed through the station.
On 1 May 1928, Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of KMT and nationalist
revolutionary army, commanded the attack of Tai'an and occupied it the
In October 1937, exiled
students from Peking, Tianjin and other major cities arrived in Tai'an
seeking asylum after the north of Yellow river was occupied by the
Japanese forces. On 24 December 1937, Japanese troops crossed the Yellow
River, occupied Jinan on the next day, and bombed Tai'an. On the night
of 31 December, the Japanese occupied Tai'an. Local resistants were
assembled autonomously to fight against the occupation.